As we mentioned in our first list about mind bending theories about the universe, the universe is a vast and mysterious place. For centuries, people have looked out into space and tried to explain why we’re here and where we came from. While it may take even more centuries before any of those questions are answered, it doesn’t mean scientists don’t have theories. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net →Top 10 Objects That Were Clearly Invented Just to Annoy Physics: https://youtu.be/0MVGeRa-vLo Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Brand new videos 7 days a week! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theoriginaltoptenz/ Learn more about the host: →Simon's VLOG: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvqt8j7DfPmveJp3UOk9XTg Business inquiries to email@example.com Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 OUT of This WORLD Facts about SPACE https://youtu.be/2CvAN-71Arw?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKNxJ-0WBuO_bl54ynbD6o- Top 10 Interesting Facts About Jupiter https://youtu.be/hssSf2x2cRg?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKNxJ-0WBuO_bl54ynbD6o- Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-mind-blowing-theories-universe.php Coming up: 10. Why is Dark Matter So Hard to Detect? 9. Dark Matter Killed the Dinosaurs 8. Life Spread Across the Universe like an Epidemic 7. Why is the Universe Made of Matter? 6. Disorder Made Life Possible 5. The Universe Has No Beginning 4. The Universe Should Have Never Existed 3. The Universe Started Off One Dimensional 2. How Many Dimensions Are There? 1. We’re Living in the Distant Past of a Parallel Universe Source/Further reading: http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/review/dr-marc-space/dark-matter.html http://www.space.com/31013-stealth-dark-matter-universe-missing-mass.html https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150924142851.htm https://youtu.be/qEA78j6ay1M http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/29/books/review/dark-matter-and-the-dinosaurs-by-lisa-randall.html https://www.sciencenews.org/article/dark-matter-helped-destroy-dinosaurs-physicist-posits http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fact-or-fiction-dark-matter-killed-the-dinosaurs/ http://www.space.com/30412-life-spreads-across-universe-epidemic.html https://youtu.be/3a1c_1TIGGw http://www.universetoday.com/13377/why-theres-more-matter-than-antimatter-in-the-universe/ https://books.google.ca/books?id=I9D0BgAAQBAJ&lpg=PA82&ots=gcpIpiUnhZ&dq=extra%20particle%20of%20matter%20for%20every%2010%20billion%20antimatter%20particles&pg=PA82#v=onepage&q&f=false https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2008/nambu-facts.html https://youtu.be/e91D5UAz-f4 http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/a-new-physics-theory-of-life/ http://www.timesofisrael.com/meet-the-orthodox-jewish-physicist-rethinking-the-origins-of-life/ http://www.techtimes.com/articles/32659/20150214/big-bang-didnt-happen-new-theory-suggests-universe-has-no-beginning-no-end.htm http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qm-bohm/ https://youtu.be/qe91X6OS264 http://www.techtimes.com/articles/9131/20140626/our-universe-is-impossible-and-we-shouldnt-exist-higgs-boson-scientist-says.htm http://www.livescience.com/33228-early-universe-1-d-line-vanishing-dimensions-theory.html https://youtu.be/hf2CxZPl7KI http://www.universetoday.com/48619/a-universe-of-10-dimensions/ http://ultraculture.org/blog/2014/12/16/heres-visual-guide-10-dimensions-reality/ http://rstl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/155/459.full.pdf+html http://www.emu.dk/sites/default/files/relativity.pdf http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/2-futures-can-explain-time-s-mysterious-past/
One of the biggest mysteries humans face is: are we alone in the universe? Some of the greatest scientific minds in the world have thought about this question, and at more length than the scientific layman. So what do they think? Are we alone in the vast universe? Or will we one day meet intelligent life? →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 → → GET A T-SHIRT - http://shop.spreadshirt.com/toptenz →Top 10 Objects That Were Clearly Invented Just to Annoy Physics: https://youtu.be/0MVGeRa-vLo →Simon's VLOG: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvqt8j7DfPmveJp3UOk9XTg Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Brand new videos 7 days a week! Videos are published at 6pm EST every day! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 Things You Didn’t Know about Area 51 https://youtu.be/Xqe_bh3WdpE Top 10 Creepiest Alien Abductions https://youtu.be/ZhAa1b9RegE Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-theories-alien-life-experts-science-technology.php Coming up: 10. Julian Assange 9. Richard Feynman 8. Edward Snowden 7. Ellen Stofan 6. Albert Einstein 5. Nikola Tesla 4. Bill Nye 3. Neil deGrasse Tyson 2. Carl Sagan 1. Stephen Hawking Source/Further reading: http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2006558_2006562_2006567,00.html http://www.rael.org/ http://www.forbes.com/sites/andygreenberg/2011/02/07/wikileaks-ufo-cables-more-about-raelian-cult-than-alien-life/#7024564b582c https://youtu.be/wLaRXYai19A https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XEVlyP4_11M http://mashable.com/2014/06/05/edward-snowden-revelations/#_mtaUFTyiiq3 https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2013/jun/21/gchq-cables-secret-world-communications-nsa http://www.techinsider.io/edward-snowden-talks-alien-communication-with-neil-degrasse-tyson-2015-9 https://youtu.be/wRu4AaN4-EI http://www.space.com/29041-alien-life-evidence-by-2025-nasa.html http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/08/nasa-alien-life_n_7023134.html http://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/einsteins-thoughts-seti-180953666/?no-ist http://www.planetary.org/explore/projects/seti/ http://www.elon.edu/e-web/predictions/150/1870.xhtml http://earlyradiohistory.us/1901talk.htm http://www.space.com/6370-attempts-contact-aliens-date-150-years.html https://youtu.be/upRqAaCEEhw http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/05/08/bill-nye-extraterrestrial-life_n_7236752.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo_Galilei https://youtu.be/_Ro9aebFZhM http://www.techtimes.com/articles/7887/20140603/neil-degrasse-tyson-thinks-aliens-found-no-intelligent-life-on-earth.htm http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/permanent-exhibitions/human-origins-and-cultural-halls/anne-and-bernard-spitzer-hall-of-human-origins/understanding-our-past/dna-comparing-humans-and-chimps/ http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150826-the-animals-that-can-count https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Ro9aebFZhM https://youtu.be/q-yqVHrQP2Q https://books.google.ca/books?id=Yz8Y6KfXf9UC&lpg=PT233&ots=5OZ9Dn4hFD&dq=I%27m%20frequently%20asked%2C%20%22Do%20you%20believe%20there%27s%20extraterrestrial%20intelligence%3F%22&pg=PT234#v=onepage&q=I'm%20frequently%20asked,%20%22Do%20you%20believe%20there's%20extraterrestrial%20intelligence?%22&f=false http://bigthink.com/dr-kakus-universe/is-there-intelligent-life-in-the-universe http://www.seti.org/seti-institute/carl-sagan-1934-1996 http://www.space.com/29999-stephen-hawking-intelligent-alien-life-danger.html http://www.nbcnews.com/id/36769422/ns/technology_and_science-space/t/hawking-aliens-may-pose-risks-earth/#.V3J9cbgrLtQ http://www.livescience.com/54395-stephen-hawking-low-probability-of-finding-aliens.html
Top 10 Completely Mind-Bending Paradoxes Paradoxes are a fascinating part of reality and there are paradoxes in many different fields like math, physics, logic, psychology, and language. When it comes to trying to understand them, paradoxes can make the brain feel like it’s doing somersaults, but they can also expand your mind and make you look at the world in a whole new way. 10. Hilbert’s Paradox of the Grand Hotel Imagine if you will, there is a hotel with an infinite number of rooms and each room is booked with an infinite number of guests. If that were the case, then every single room would be booked, right? Because an infinite amount of guests would fill an infinite amount of rooms. But the hotel has a weird paradox where there are always vacancies and they are always booked. This can be seen when a new guest shows up. To find him a room, David Hilbert, who thought of the paradox, suggested that everyone move to the next room. For example, one moves into two, two moves into three and so on. But what happens if more than one person shows up, say another infinite amount of people? Hilbert says that the people in the rooms could just go to the room number that is double their current number and then there will be room for everyone. This paradox speaks to the nature of infinity and has fascinated mathematicians for decades. It also probably has given more than a few hotel employees terrible nightmares. 9. The Raven’s Paradox Logician Carl Gustav Hempel first proposed his “raven paradox” in the 1940s and it questions our belief in confirmation. We make confirmations in both science and everyday life based on observations. For example, let’s say a detective was trying to solve a crime. He would find evidence and the evidence would back up his theory, disprove his theory, or the evidence could be neutral. The evidence could also be strong or weak. What Hempel asks is what does it take for a piece of evidence to confirm the hypothesis, rather than disprove it or be neutral about it? To demonstrate the paradox, Hempel talked about ravens. He said that after observing a few ravens and noticing they were all black, someone may infer that all ravens everywhere are black. But that is impossible to check, because there have been so many ravens throughout history and there will be more in the future and just one non-black raven would disprove the theory that all ravens are black. Also, there is the contrapositive, which is another theory that is the opposite of the hypothesis but it is still true. For example, the contrapositive for “all ravens are black” is that “all non-black things are non-ravens.” That means that every single thing that is non-black and non-raven, like a blue shirt or a yellow tennis ball, proves that ravens are black. Of course, there are way too many non-black non-raven things in the universe and so that type of information really does not contribute to the hypothesis that all ravens are black. The raven paradox is meant to be a warning against generalization and that there needs to be a limited scope if a scientist wants to prove something beyond a doubt. →Subscribe for new videos every day! http://bit.ly/toptenzsubscribe →10 Reasons Bruce Lee was a Superhuman: http://bit.ly/1Hl4mVu Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Brand new videos 7 days a week! Videos are published at 6pm EST every day! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 Mind Bending Theories About the Universe http://bit.ly/1CNfpKo Top 10 Strange Studies with Unexpected Results http://bit.ly/1mpdKDf Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/10-completely-mind-bending-paradoxes.php Coming up: 10. Hilbert’s Paradox of the Grand Hotel 9. The Raven’s Paradox 8. The Friendship Paradox 7. The Barber Paradox 6. Buridan’s Bridge 5. The Liar’s Paradox 4. The Sorites Paradox and The Ship of Theseus 3. The Birthday Paradox 2. The Bootstrap Paradox 1. Specious Present
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→Subscribe for new videos every day! http://bit.ly/toptenzsubscribe →10 Reasons Bruce Lee was a Superhuman: http://bit.ly/1Hl4mVu Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Brand new videos 7 days a week! Videos are published at 6pm EST every day! Other TopTenz Videos: Top 10 Most Remarkable Coincidences in History http://bit.ly/1MbDIoE The universe is a vast and mysterious place. There are so many mind-boggling parts of our solar system, the universe and beyond that humans often have a hard time wrapping their brains around it. These mysteries are profound and often are connected with the inner workings of the universe and the very existence of life. Needless to say, a lot of these theories that try to answer some of these questions are mind bending in their own right and could change your whole outlook on reality. Text version: http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-mind-bending-theories-about-the-universe.php Coming up: 10. We Don’t Know How Many Planets Are In the Solar System 9. Biological SETI 8. White Holes 7. Quantum Entanglement 6. Baby Universes are Born in Black Holes 5. Space-Time is a Slippery Fluid 4. The Ekypyrotic Scenario 3. The Universe is Lopsided 2. Our Universe May Collide With Another One 1. The Fermi Paradox Source/Further reading: http://www.space.com/28284-planet-x-worlds-beyond-pluto.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/solarsystem/sun_and_planets/earth http://www.space.com/6370-attempts-contact-aliens-date-150-years.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/blogs/physics/2014/08/are-white-holes-real/ http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/16/opinion/sunday/is-quantum-entanglement-real.html?_r=4 http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2011/05/new-theory-black-holes-give-birth-to-new-universes-todays-most-popular.html http://www.insidescience.org/content/spacetime-may-be-slippery-fluid/1627 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Z6UJbwxBZI http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2012/08/our-universe-a-result-ofa-collision-of-two-3-d-worlds-the-ekpyrotic-model.html http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-did-the-universe-get-so-lopsided/ http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/03/is-the-universe-lopsided/ http://discovermagazine.com/2009/oct/04-will-our-universe-collide-with-neighboring-one#.UckqlflwrfK http://www.huffingtonpost.com/wait-but-why/the-fermi-paradox_b_5489415.html http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0019103573901115